Scoring your Credit - How's your FICO?
Since we live in a computer-driven society, you're probably not surprised to hear that your creditworthiness boils down to a single number.
Credit reporting agencies use your loan payment history in order to compile this score.
Each of the three credit reporting agencies has its own formula for building your credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, the differences aren't huge; all of the agencies use the following factors in calculating your score:
- Credit History - Have you had credit for years, or for a short time?
- Payment History - Have you paid more than 30 days late?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many credit card accounts do you have, and how much do you owe?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have lenders pulled your credit report for the purpose of lending you money?
Each of these factors is assigned a value and a weight. The result is one number. Credit scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is better. Typical home buyers will probably find their scores falling between 620 and 800.
Not just for qualifying
Did you know? FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Higher scores indicate you are probably a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Can I raise my FICO score?
What can you do to raise your FICO score? Very little in the short term. Despite what you hear from "credit repair" companies, the FICO score is built on your lifelong credit history, so it's not possible to raise it significantly in the short term. You must appeal for the credit agency to remove any incorrect data from your credit report; this is really the only "quick fix" for credit problems.
Getting your credit score
Before you can improve your FICO score, you have to know your score and ensure that the credit reports from each agency are correct. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. For a reasonable fee, you can quickly get your FICO from all three reporting agencies, along with your credit report. Also available are information and tools that can help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report every year from all three credit reporting agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Now that you have all the facts, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the right mortgage for you.
Curious about your credit score? Call us: 214-865-7442.
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